energy benchmarking copper smelting



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Energy and materials flows in the copper industry ,

31-10-2021 0183 32 Most copper is extracted by smelting sulfide ores, with concomitant production of sulfur dioxide Clean air regulations will require smelters to reduce sulfur emissions, necessitating smelting process modifications that could also save 20 x 10/sup 12/ Btu 10 x 10/sup 6/ Btu/ton of copper in smelting energy...

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Energy Consumption of Copper Smelter

01-01-2012 0183 32 A unique aspect of the smelting process is that most of the energy for smelting the copper is provided by the oxidation of iron and sulfur in the feed materials In spite of this energy efficiency, the smelter still requires large quantities of fossil fuel and electric power...

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Solutions reduce energy consumption of smelting process

05-08-2011 0183 32 Energy consumption is mainly determined by the smelting process implemented, and is also influenced by the design of the furnace, notes smelter ,...

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Benchmarking comminution energy consumption for the ,

15-10-2014 0183 32 Marsden 2008 used case studies of Chilean copper mines as the basis for an energy model incorporating grade and processing route, Fig 1 displays the result for an ore with a copper grade of 05 and a flowsheet incorporating SAG and ball milling, flotation and smelting Download Download full-size image Fig 1...

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Energy Consumption in Copper Smelting A New Asian Horse ,

For a large energy consumer such as a copper smelter, this provided some relief to ever rising operating costs However, analysts expect some rebound in the oil price later this year or into 2016 Hence, energy consumption in smelting, examined in this article for a number of technology configurations, remains an important topic for copper ,...

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Waste Heat and Energy Recovery System from Smelter Off ,

Energy, Heat, Recovery, Smelting, Sustainability 1 Introduction Mineral processing plants that utilize smelting in their extractive metallurgy consume a lot of energy and equally energy in the form of heat and smelter off-gases are emitted as waste in the process Some of the furnace exhaust gases...

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China s Australian copper ban seen hurting smelters ,

06-11-2020 0183 32 MELBOURNE An unofficial Chinese ban on Australian copper concentrate imports could hurt Chinese smelters in their negotiations with miners on benchmark treatment charges for 2021, traders and analysts sa Read more at The Business Tim...

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Environmental Impacts of Energy

Environmental Impacts of Energy-Efficient Pyrometallurgical Copper Smelting Technologies The Consequences of Technological Changes from 2010 to 2050 Joanna Kulczycka, Łukasz Lelek, Anna Lewandowska, Herbert Wirth, and Joseph D Bergesen Summary The article analyzes and discusses the environmental and natural resource impacts, benefits,...

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Energy Efficiency of the Outotec® Ausmelt Process for ,

27-03-2017 0183 32 The benchmarking work also illustrated an almost 10 lower energy consumption for Ausmelt technology compared with the BBS/SKS process, potentially providing significant cost savings over the 20- to 30-year lifespan of a typical smelting plant, ,...

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Energy Use in Metal Production

Copper 8pyro 80 156 613 x 10330 325 60 x 107 021 hydro 20 , For example, the energy required for smelting aluminium in a modern smelter is around 135 kWh per kg Al which is about twice the theoretical amount required However, this is approaching the limits of incremental...

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Benchmarking the energy use of energy

01-11-2011 0183 32 Spread factor is defined as the ratio of energy use of the last decile plant and the international benchmark b For copper smelters and breweries, no benchmark curves were publicly available We compiled own benchmark curves by sorting scattered plant data from publicly available literature See the compiled benchmark curves in Fig 2...

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PDF Energy Efficiency of the Outotec® Ausmelt Process ,

27-03-2017 0183 32 PDF The global, non-ferrous smelting industry has witnessed the continual development and evolution of processing technologies in a bid to reduce, Find, read and cite all the research you ,...

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energy benchmarking copper smelting

Energy Efficiency of the Outotec®Ausmelt Process for Mar 27 2017 0183 32 Despite improvements in the energy efficiency of modern copper smelting and converting Benchmarking of various flowsheets incorporating the,...

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123 Primary Copper Smelting

123 Primary Copper Smelting 1231 General1 Copper ore is produced in 13 stat In 1989, Arizona produced 60 percent of the total U S ore Fourteen domestic mines accounted for more than 95 percent of the 145 megagrams Mg...

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energy benchmarking copper smelting

Copper smelters and miners are in a standoff over the annual benchmark rates for copper treatment and refining charges TC/RCs India s custom copper smelters, run by Hindalco Industries Ltd Get Price Research on Data-driven Energy Efficiency Optimization for Research on Data-driven Energy Efficiency Optimization for Copper Flash Smelting ,...

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Standard Conditions for Copper Smelting Industry

Energy consumption VI Copper smelting enterprises shall establish, implement and maintain an energy management system that meets the requirements of GB , of relevant national standards for unit product benchmark drainage 5 Encourage copper smelting enterprises to ,...

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Annual Data 2019

to trace the flow of copper in the US economy from mining and scrap collection through smelting, refining and ingot making to the wire rod and wire mills, brass mills, and foundries and then on to the final enduse markets This- flow is shown schematically onpages 4 and 5 On this schematic...

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Chapter 7 Energy Use in the Copper Industry

Energy Requirements in Proven and New Copper Processes,re- port prepared for the US Department of Energy, contract no, EM-78-S-07-1 743, December 1980 The hypothetical open-pit mine described in table 7-2 uses an average of 20 million Btu of energy per ton of cathode copper produced, or about 21 percent of the energy consumed in pro-...

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Energy Consumption in Copper Sulphide Smel ting

Copper, smelting, converting, slag cleaning, fire refining, energy, emissions Abstract Using thermochemical modeling and industrial data, energy consumption in copper sulphide con-centrate smelting was calculated for the following processing routes a Flash smelting flash con-...

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Charge Calculations in Pyrometallurgical Processes

The grade of the matte is defined as the copper grade of matte A matte of 40 percent means, it has 40 copper, so matte is always given in terms of copper, because it is used to produce copper not iron Slag in matte smelting is mixture of oxides eg in smelting of copper ore concentrate the slag may contain SiO 2, Al 2 O 3, calcium oxide, FeO ,...

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